Welcome to the new UK Cochrane Centre blogging site! We will be disseminating the latest Cochrane Reviews as well as highlighting other relevant information you might find interesting.
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Key message: This review update has been able to show that interventions delivered via mobile phones can help people give up smoking and that these benefits are sustained at least six months later.
There is an increasing amount of interest in the medical press and beyond in ‘telehealth’, the use of technologies such as mobile phones and the internet to help in the prevention or management of a range of health conditions, and rightly, for it offers a potentially cost-saving means to reach large numbers of people. Continue reading
There is evidence that free radicals may contribute to the processes of cognitive impairment and so there has been considerable interest in recent years in whether vitamin E with its potential to protect against the damaging effects of free radicals might be useful in the treatment of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer’s dementia (AD). The Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group has updated its review exploring this approach, which now includes two randomized trials involving people with AD and one with people with MCI, comparing vitamin E with placebo. Continue reading
Chief Medical Officer, Professor Dame Sally Davies’ first annual report on the state of the nation’s health, published today, has highlighted the rising rates of liver disease, with deaths from chronic liver disease and cirrhosis in the under 65s having increased by around 20% between 2000 and 2009, yet falling by around the same amount in other European countries. The three major causes of liver disease – harmful drinking, obesity and undiagnosed infection – are preventable. With around 70% of us having two or more habits or medical risk factors that are linked with serious diseases, the report recommends that health professionals should focus on tackling these together. This was also recommended in a recent report from The King’s Fund, which looked at clustering of unhealthy behaviours and called for a shift in focus in public health initiatives, to tackling multiple unhealthy behaviours rather than single ones. Continue reading
||Key message:Aerobic exercise may help reduce cancer-related fatigue during and after treatment for solid tumours.
“Exercise is good for you” is a familiar mantra and now there is evidence that aerobic exercise, such as walking or cycling, may help relieve the tiredness experienced by people having treatment for cancer, particularly solid tumours. A Cochrane review published in 2008 has now been updated, with 28 additional randomized controlled trials (RCTs) bringing the total to 56 RCTs with over 4000 people. Half the trials involved people with breast cancer. Exercise interventions varied between studies. Continue reading